Marxism 1 - A Time and a Place for Gramsci

Room: 
Town Hall - Committee Room 3
Time Slot: 
Monday 30th March 09:30 - 11:00
Panel Chair: 
  • Professor Adam Morton (University of Sydney)
Panel Members: 
  • Professor Adam Morton (University of Sydney)
  • Dr Cemal Tansel (University of Sheffield)
  • Dr Christopher Hesketh (Oxford Brookes)

This panel asserts the need to assess the relevance of Antonio Gramsci to political and international theory with attention to both history (time) and geography (place). By so doing, the papers constituting the panel thus focus on a 'time' and a 'place' for Gramsci in diverse ways. First, Cemal Burak Tansel conceptualises state-building and economic development in early republican Turkey as an instance of passive revolution, whereby the state attempted to absorb the detrimental effects of the Great Depression through enshrining a policy that promoted the commercial and industrial bourgeoisie at the expense of the peasantry and urban working classes. Second, Adam Morton draws from both Karl Polanyi and Antonio Gramsci to understand the origins of fascism in Europe, the rise of capitalism in the nineteenth century, and its structural impasse in the twentieth century also as emblematic of the condition of passive revolution. Rather than a "great transformation" leading to the rise of liberal capitalism, the epoch of the nineteenth century was one of "great trasformismo" - the molecular absorption of class contradictions marking the consolidation and expansion of capitalist social relations that was marked by an impasse under fascism. Finally, Chris Hesketh seeks to explore whether Gramscian concepts and politics are relevant for theorising about Latin America in the 21st century, or conversely whether rumours regarding the death of Gramsci’s influence have been greatly exaggerated. His engagement with the politics of "posthegemony" therefore challenges the presumption that ideology critique is now superfluous in an age where affective relations or bodily dispositions are deemed regnant.