The PSA and the UK in a Changing Europe have today (2 November 2016) launched a comprehensive report looking at the processes and challenges ahead in the UK's withdrawal from the EU. The full report is available to download here.

Brexit will place enormous pressures on parliament, the civil service, the courts and the British constitution shows the report.

Brexit and Beyond: How the United Kingdom might leave the European Union, by The UK in a Changing Europe for the Political Studies Association, sets out the immense legal, constitutional and bureaucratic challenges involved in the Brexit process.

The civil service faces its biggest ever challenge. Negotiations with the EU will entail extensive coordination between new and existing ministries and an immense workload.

Parliament will have its work cut out dealing with the volume of work triggered by the Government’s ‘Great Repeal Bill’. Identifying and transposing all relevant EU law will be a daunting and time consuming task. The alternative is to work via secondary legislation, which would raise concerns about transparency, legitimacy and legislative quality. 

There is a lack of clarity over what the Article 50 negotiations will address, the report shows, notably whether negotiations over the future UK-EU relationship can be conducted simultaneously.

Professor Anand Menon, UK in a Changing Europe director said: “Article 50 negotiations will be tricky and hideously technical but that is the easy bit. When it comes to the crafting of a future relationship, almost everything is up in the air.”

The report shows how Brexit will put the constitutional fabric of the UK under strain. The Great Repeal Bill will impinge on the balance of power between Westminster and the devolved parliaments. This will lead to increased policy differentiation in areas such as agriculture, fisheries, the environment and higher education.

Professor Menon said: “Brexit thus has the potential to test the UK’s constitutional settlement, legal framework, political process and bureaucratic capacities to their limits – and possibly beyond.

“An irritating aspect of the current debate is the tendency of Brexiters to accuse those who warn of difficulties of ‘talking Britain down’. It’s a good line but a pathetic argument. Since when was rational debate a bad thing? Forewarned, surely, is forearmed and this report will help identify potential stumbling blocks ahead.”



For more information or to arrange an interview please contact:

Stefanie Mair

Communications and Media Relations

Political Studies Association | @PolStudiesAssoc | 0207 321 2545


Notes to Editors:

  • Download a copy of the full report at from 06:00 on 2 November 2016.
  • This report was written by The UK in a Changing Europe for the Political Studies Association. The lead author is Professor Anand Menon. Other contributors include Catherine Barnard, Iain Begg, Damian Chalmers, Sara Hagemann, Joanne Hunt, Michael Keating, Martin Lodge, Simon Usherwood and Richard Whitman.
  • The UK in a Changing Europe exists to make rigorous, authoritative, high-quality, independent academic research on UK-EU relations accessible to a wide audience. It is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and based at King’s College London.
  • The Political Studies Association has been working since 1950 to promote and develop the study of politics. As the leading Association in our field in the United Kingdom, we have an international membership including academics in political science and current affairs, theorists and practitioners, policy-makers, journalists, researchers and students in higher education.