On 29 April, 2013, Science Europe, an association comprised of 51 European Research Funding Organisations (RFO) and Research Performing Organisations (RPO) from 26 countries, published a position statement on Open Access. The publication identifies a list of ten principles aimed to ensure consistency and coherence in their efforts towards Open Access.

One principle of particular consequence to the social science community surrounds embargo periods. ScienceEurope’s statement recommends that research publications should either be published in an Open Access journal or be deposited as soon as possible in a repository, and made available in Open Access in all cases no later than six months following first publication. For Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, ScienceEurope states that the delay may need to be longer than six months but must be no more than 12 months. The PSA feels that embargo periods need to be longer than 12 months in HSS if journal infrastructure is to survive and high quality peer review maintained. However, the PSA is pleased to see that Science Europe has not stated a preference for Gold over Green OA and is not requiring articles published under the Gold model to be published under a CC-BY licence. The RCUK policy, therefore, remains out of step with most of the rest of the world.